The Scarlet Standard #3 - Lt. Col. Thomas Knowlton, Connecticut's Forgotten Hero  
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The Scarlet Standard

"We fix on our Standards and Drums the Colony arms, with the motto, Qui Transtulit Sustinet, round it in letters of gold, which we construe thus: God, who transplanted us hither, will support us." - A letter regarding the Lexington Alarm dated Wethersfield, CT., April 23, 1775
Record of Connecticut Men in the War of the Revolution 1775-1783, Adj. Gen., Hartford, 1889

Historical Series, Number Three, September 1997

The Educational Outreach of the General Israel Putnam Branch No. 4
of the Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution

LT. COL. THOMAS KNOWLTON Connecticut's Forgotten Hero

Knowlton Before the Revolution,
1740 - 1775

Thomas KnowltonThomas Knowlton was born November 22, 1740 in West Boxford, MA. When Knowlton was eight years old his father moved the family to Ashford, CT. where they lived on a farm of 400 acres. In 1755 the War with France started (French & Indian War). Knowlton at the age of 15 enlisted in Capt. John Durkee's Company. He served heroically throughout the campaign being promoted to Lieutenant in 1760. In 1762 he participated in the Battle of Havana, Cuba and was lucky enough to survive and return to Ashford. (Of Israel Putnam's Company of 107 men, only 20 returned home, due mostly to tropical diseases). On April 5, 1759 Knowlton married Anna Keyes of Ashford and bought a farm on the present site of the Norcross Webster Boy Scout Reservation. Knowlton and his wife raised a family of nine children, Frederick his sixteen-year-old son would accompany his father to fight in the American Revolution. Knowlton at the age of 33 was appointed as one of the Selectmen of the town.

Knowlton and the American Revolution,
1775-1776

Knowlton in battleWhen news of Lexington reached Ashford, Knowlton grabbed his musket and powder horn and joined his militia company. The Ashford Company was part of the Fifth Regiment Connecticut Militia along with the towns of Windham, Mansfield, and Coventry. The Ashford Company had no captain so they drew ballots and Knowlton was unanimously chosen. The  Militia Company from Ashford was the first to enter Massachusetts from a sister colony. At Boston they were reorganized into the Fifth Company of General Israel Putnam's Connecticut Regiment of 1775.

 The night prior to the Battle of Bunker Hill, Captain Knowlton was in command of a fatigue party of 200 Connecticut men constructing defenses. During the battle he was in command of the rail fence which protected the rear of the Patriot redoubt on Breed's Hill. When the Patriots began their retreat from the redoubt it was Knowlton and his men who formed the rear guard covering their retreat. 

For his bravery Congress promoted Knowlton to a Major. A wealthy Boston man presented Knowlton with a gold-laced hat, sash, and a golden breastplate. Colonel Arron Burr later in life said of his friend Knowlton, "I had a full account of the Battle from Knowlton's own lips, and I believe if the chief command had been entrusted to him, the issue would have proved more fortunate." Burr also commented on Knowlton's promotion, "It was impossible to promote such a man too rapidly."
 
knowlton_harlem_heights
The Death of Knowlton
at Harlem Heights

knowlton_statue_hartford
Knowlton Statue on the grounds
of the State Capital

knowlton_annual_remembrance
Annual Remembrance Ceremony for Col. Knowlton

In 1776, with the reorganization of the American Army, Knowlton was assigned to the 20th Continental Regiment commanded by Colonel john Durkee.

During the Siege of Boston in 1776, Knowlton was sent by Washington to burn the remaining buildings at the base of Bunker Hill, and to capture the British guard. Knowlton accomplished this mission without firing a shot or losing a man.

In New York on August 12, 1776 Knowlton was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. In September he was put in command of an elite hand picked independent corps which was under the direct command of Washington. This unit was called the "Rangers", or "Knowlton's Rangers." (Captain Nathan Hale was a member of this unit) On September 16, 1776 Knowlton's Rangers were scouting in advance of the main army at Harlem Heights, New York when they stumbled upon the Black Watch. A skirmish began which ended with Knowlton being mortally wounded. Knowlton was carried off the field to prevent capture. He is reputed to say, "You see my son, I am mortally wounded; you can do me no good; go fight for your Country. "Washington upon hearing the news stated, "The gallant and brave Col. Knowlton, who would have been an honor to any country, having fallen yesterday while gloriously fighting." Knowlton was buried with military honors in an unmarked grave at 143rd St. and St. Nicholas Ave.

Knowlton is described as being six feet high, erect and elegant in figure, and formed more for activity than strength. He had light complexion, dark hair, and eyes of deep spiritual beauty.

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